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MVC扩展Filter,通过继承ActionFilterAttribute为登录密码加密

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2015-09-03 09:28
与ActionFilter相关的接口有2个: □ IActionFilter 对action执行前后处理 void OnActionExecuting(ActionExecutingContext filterContext); 可以在此对请求处理,甚至开启一个新的请求。 void OnActionExecuted(ActonExecutedContext filterContext); 可以


与ActionFilter相关的接口有2个:

 

□ IActionFilter 对action执行前后处理

void OnActionExecuting(ActionExecutingContext filterContext);
可以在此对请求处理,甚至开启一个新的请求。

 

void OnActionExecuted(ActonExecutedContext filterContext);
可以在此对返回结果处理,甚至取消返回结果。

 

关于参数ActionExecutingContext和ActonExecutedContext共有的:
都继承于ControllerContext。
都有ActionDescriptor属性:提供了action的细节
都有ActionResult属性:当设置为null的时候取消整个请求

 

关于ActonExecutedContext独有的:
Canceled属性:bool类型,ActionExecutedContext是否被其它action filter取消
Exception属性:action filter和action抛出的异常
ExceptionHandled属性:bool类型,异常是否被处理

 

□ IResultFilter 对action返回结果前后做处理

方法与属性与IActionFilter类似。
void OnResultExecuted(ResultExecutedContext filterContext);
void OnResultExecuting(ResultExecutingContext filterContext);

 

  实例:继承ActionFilterAttribute为登录密码加密

ActionFilterAttribute包含了如下4个方法:
void OnActionExecuting(ActionExecutingContext filterContext);
void OnActionExecuted(ActonExecutedContext filterContext);
void OnResultExecuted(ResultExecutedContext filterContext);
void OnResultExecuting(ResultExecutingContext filterContext);
所以,我们可以在派生类中重写这4个方法。

 

□ 思路

→在执行action之前对密码加密
→在执行action之后,根据是否登录成功,来决定返回成功或重新登录视图
→在action返回结果之后,再追加一些内容

 

□ 继承ActionFilterAttribute

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Security;
 
namespace MvcApplication1.Extension
{
    public class EncryptLoginAttribute : ActionFilterAttribute
    {
        private string username;
        private string password;
        private bool isAuthorized = false;
        private string longdate;
        private string lastTry;
 
        public override void OnActionExecuting(ActionExecutingContext filterContext)
        {
            username = filterContext.HttpContext.Request.Form["username"];
            password = filterContext.HttpContext.Request.Form["password"];
            MD5 md5Hash = MD5.Create();
            string md5Password = GetMD5Hash(md5Hash, password);
            bool result = Membership.ValidateUser(username, md5Password);
            if (result)
            {
                FormsAuthentication.SetAuthCookie(username, false);
                isAuthorized = true;
                longdate = DateTime.Now.ToLongDateString();
            }
            else
            {
                isAuthorized = false;
                lastTry = DateTime.Now.ToShortDateString() + "-" + DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString();
            }
        }
 
        public override void OnActionExecuted(ActionExecutedContext filterContext)
        {
            if (isAuthorized)
            {
                filterContext.Result = new ViewResult(){ViewName = "Welcome"};
            }
            else
            {
                ViewResult result = new ViewResult();
                result.ViewName = "Index";
                result.ViewBag.message = "Login fail";
                filterContext.Result = result;
            }
        }
 
        public override void OnResultExecuted(ResultExecutedContext filterContext)
        {
            if (filterContext.Exception == null && !filterContext.Canceled)
            {
                ViewResult result = (ViewResult)filterContext.Result;
                if (result != null)
                {
                    if (result.ViewName == "Welcome")
                    {
                        filterContext.HttpContext.Response.Write("<p style='color:Green;'><br/>Today is "
+ longdate + "<br/></p>");
                    }
                    else if (result.ViewName == "Index")
                    {
                        filterContext.HttpContext.Response.Write("<p style='color:Red;'><br />Last Login attemp at "+lastTry+"<br/></p>");
                    }
                    filterContext.Result = result;
                }
            }
        }
 
        private static string GetMD5Hash(MD5 md5Hash, string input)
        {
            //string→byte[]
            byte[] data = md5Hash.ComputeHash(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(input));
            StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
            foreach (byte b in data)
            {
                stringBuilder.Append(b.ToString("x2"));
            }
            return stringBuilder.ToString();
        }
    }
}
 

 

□ HomeController

using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Security;
using MvcApplication1.Extension;
 
namespace MvcApplication1.Controllers
{
    public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View();
        }
 
        [HttpPost]
        [EncryptLogin]
        public ActionResult Login(string username, string password)
        {
            //TODO:保存到数据库
            return null;
        }
 
        public ActionResult SignOut()
        {
            FormsAuthentication.SignOut();
            return RedirectToAction("Index");
        }
 
    }
}
 

 

□ Home/Index.cshtml为登录页

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Index";
    Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}
 
<h2>Index</h2>
<p style="color: red;">@ViewBag.message</p>
@using (Html.BeginForm("Login", "Home", FormMethod.Post, new {id = "loginForm"}))
{
    <p>
        用户名:@Html.TextBox("username", null, new {style = "width:100px"})
    </p>
    <p>
        密码: @Html.Password("password", null, new {style = "width: 100px"})
    </p>
    <p>
        <input type="submit" name="login" value="登录"/>
    </p>
}
 

 

□ web.config相关配置

    <authentication mode="Forms">
      <forms loginUrl="~/Home/Index" timeout="2880">
        <credentials passwordFormat="Clear">
          <user name="name" password="21218cca77804d2ba1922c33e0151105"/>
        </credentials>
      </forms>
    </authentication>

 

□ 登录成功视图:/Shared/Welcome.cshtml

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Welcome";
    Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}

<h2>登录成功~~</h2>
@Html.ActionLink("登出","SignOut","Home")

 

登录页:

 

 

登录失败:

 

□ 如果想在全局使用

filters.Add(new EncryptLoginAttribute());

 

□ 备注

暂没有把登录成功显示页面调试出来,因为,当使用FormsAuthentication.Authenticate(username, md5Password)时,提示此方法已经过时;而使用Membership.ValidateUser(username, md5Password)时,对应的Web.config如何配置,暂没细究。

 

参考资料:
MVC Filters Part 3 - Action Filter and Action Result Filter

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