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asp.net 4.0+ webform程序中集成mvc4

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2022-05-27 12:53
本文为大家分享了asp.net 4.0+ webform程序中集成mvc4的方法,供大家参考,具体内容如下 1、新建packages.config文件,里面加上必要的程序集 xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"packages package id="Microsof

本文为大家分享了asp.net 4.0+ webform程序中集成mvc4的方法,供大家参考,具体内容如下

1、新建packages.config文件,里面加上必要的程序集 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<packages>
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc.FixedDisplayModes" version="1.0.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc.zh-Hans" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Razor" version="2.0.20715.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Razor.zh-Hans" version="2.0.20715.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Web.Optimization" version="1.0.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Web.Optimization.zh-Hans" version="1.0.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Client" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Client.zh-Hans" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Core" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Core.zh-Hans" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.WebHost" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.WebHost.zh-Hans" version="4.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebPages" version="2.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebPages.zh-Hans" version="2.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.Net.Http" version="2.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.Net.Http.zh-Hans" version="2.0.20710.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Microsoft.Web.Infrastructure" version="1.0.0.0" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="Newtonsoft.Json" version="4.5.11" targetFramework="net40" />
 <package id="WebGrease" version="1.1.0" targetFramework="net40" />
</packages>

2、在对应web项目中还原包 

update-package -projectname 'web' -reinstall

3、新建App_Start目录,在里面加上mvc对应配置代码 

BundleConfig.cs为静态文件压缩的配置代码,参考代码如下: 

 public class BundleConfig
 {
  // 有关 Bundling 的详细信息,请访问 http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=254725
  public static void RegisterBundles(BundleCollection bundles)
  {
   bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/jquery").Include(
      "~/Scripts/jquery-{version}.js"));
   bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/common").Include("~/js/common*"));
   bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/echarts").Include("~/js/echarts.common*"));
   bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/mustache").Include("~/js/mustache*"));
   bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/blockUI").Include("~/js/jquery.blockUI*"));


   bundles.Add(new StyleBundle("~/Content/oa/css").Include("~/css/oa/style.css"));

   //BundleTable.EnableOptimizations = true;
  }
 }

RouteConfig.cs为路由配置代码,web form相关资源要在此处忽略路由过滤 

 public class RouteConfig
 {
  public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
  {
   routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}");
   //routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.aspx/{*pathInfo}");
   //routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.ashx/{*pathInfo}");

   routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.aspx/{*pathInfo}");
   routes.IgnoreRoute("{handler}.ashx/{*pathInfo}");
   routes.IgnoreRoute("Handlers/{handler}.aspx/{*pathInfo}");
   routes.IgnoreRoute("ajaxpro/prototype.ashx");
   routes.IgnoreRoute("ajaxpro/core.ashx");
   routes.IgnoreRoute("ajaxpro/converter.ashx");
   routes.IgnoreRoute("ajaxpro/{resource}.ashx");

   routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.asmx/{*pathInfo}");

   routes.MapRoute(
    name: "Default",
    url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}",
    defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional }
   );
  }
 }

WebApiConfig.cs为WebApi的路由配置,参考代码: 

public static class WebApiConfig
 {
  public static void Register(HttpConfiguration config)
  {
   config.Routes.MapHttpRoute(
    name: "DefaultApi",
    routeTemplate: "api/{controller}/{id}",
    defaults: new { id = RouteParameter.Optional }
   );
  }
 }

4、Global文件中Application_Start事件中加上如下代码,使程序启动MVC配置生效 

 AreaRegistration.RegisterAllAreas();
   GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Formatters.JsonFormatter.MediaTypeMappings.Add(new QueryStringMapping("json", "true", "application/json"));
   WebApiConfig.Register(GlobalConfiguration.Configuration);
   FilterConfig.RegisterGlobalFilters(GlobalFilters.Filters);
   RouteConfig.RegisterRoutes(RouteTable.Routes);
   BundleConfig.RegisterBundles(BundleTable.Bundles);
   GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Formatters.XmlFormatter.SupportedMediaTypes.Clear(); 

5、新建Controllers文件夹,在里面加上控制器类,例如 

 public class DocRecController : Controller
 {
  public ActionResult Index()
  {
   ViewBag.UserName = "wilson.fu";return View();
  }
}

6、新建Views文件夹,里面加上对应视图文件,如果需要使用模板,还需增加_ViewStart.cshtml 文件,例如DocRec/Index.cshtml,文件如下 

@{
 Layout = null;
}

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>
<head>
 <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" />
 <title></title>
</head>
<body>
 <div>
 <h3>
  @ViewBag.UserName
 </h3>
 </div>
</body>
</html>

Views文件夹下还需要加上Web.config文件进行请求过滤 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<configuration>
 <configSections>
 <sectionGroup name="system.web.webPages.razor" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorWebSectionGroup, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35">
  <section name="host" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.HostSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
  <section name="pages" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorPagesSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
 </sectionGroup>
 </configSections>

 <system.web.webPages.razor>
 <host factoryType="System.Web.Mvc.MvcWebRazorHostFactory, System.Web.Mvc, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" />
 <pages pageBaseType="System.Web.Mvc.WebViewPage">
  <namespaces>
  <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc" />
  <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Ajax" />
  <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Html" />
  <add namespace="System.Web.Routing" />
  </namespaces>
 </pages>
 </system.web.webPages.razor>

 <appSettings>
 <add key="webpages:Enabled" value="false" />
 </appSettings>

 <system.web>
 <httpHandlers>
  <add path="*" verb="*" type="System.Web.HttpNotFoundHandler"/>
 </httpHandlers>

 <!--
  在视图页面中启用请求验证将导致验证在
  控制器已对输入进行处理后发生。默认情况下,
  MVC 在控制器处理输入前执行请求验证。
  若要更改此行为,请对控制器或操作
  应用 ValidateInputAttribute。
 -->
 <pages
  validateRequest="false"
  pageParserFilterType="System.Web.Mvc.ViewTypeParserFilter, System.Web.Mvc, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35"
  pageBaseType="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage, System.Web.Mvc, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35"
  userControlBaseType="System.Web.Mvc.ViewUserControl, System.Web.Mvc, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35">
  <controls>
  <add assembly="System.Web.Mvc, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" namespace="System.Web.Mvc" tagPrefix="mvc" />
  </controls>
 </pages>
 </system.web>

 <system.webServer>
 <validation validateIntegratedModeConfiguration="false" />

 <handlers>
  <remove name="BlockViewHandler"/>
  <add name="BlockViewHandler" path="*" verb="*" preCondition="integratedMode" type="System.Web.HttpNotFoundHandler" />
 </handlers>
 </system.webServer>
</configuration>

目录结构如下:

 

编译通过后,访问/docrec/index,即可看到效果:

 

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持鸿网互联。

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