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来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2015-11-28 09:19
Oracle patch也即是Oracle补

Oracle patch也即是Oracle补丁。Oracle补丁又包含好几个种类,小的补丁简直是难以数计,难免让人眼花缭乱。尽管如此,Oracle patch还是有序可循的。而且Oracle提供的opatch工具非常方便的用于安装oracle patch,以及查看当前系统已经安装的patch。本文列出了patch的几种类型,以及主要描述通过opatch工具查看当前数据库的patch应用的情况。对于如何apply patch可参考Oracle官方文档。

1、Oracle patch类型

Critical Patch Update (CPU)

Bundled patches (For Windows and Exadata only)

PSR(Patch Set Release)/Patch Set Update(PSU)

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Oracle 为我们提供了用于patch安装、回退、管理与追踪的工具opatch,该工具为命令行工具,简单易用,可以根据opatch的帮助命令来获取帮助信息

#获得opatch的帮助信息

[oracle@linux1 OPatch]$ ./opatch -help

Invoking OPatch 11.1.0.6.6   #opatch的版本

 

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.1.0.6.6

Copyright (c) 2009, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

 

 Usage: opatch [ -help ] [ -r[eport] ] [ command ]

 

            command := apply          #安装patch

                       lsinventory    #查看所有已安装的patch

                       napply         #用于Apply a set of patches at a time

                       nrollback      #用于Rollback a set of patches at a time

                       rollback       #Rollback an existing one-off patch indicated by the reference-id

                       query         

                       version

                       prereq         #用于检查安装patch之前的先决条件

                       util

 

 <global_arguments> := -help       Displays the help message for the command.

                       -report     Print the actions without executing.

 example:                             #可以通过下面的方式来查看每一个具体命令的用法

   'opatch -help'

   'opatch apply -help'         

   'opatch lsinventory -help'   

   'opatch napply -help'        

   'opatch nrollback -help'

   'opatch rollback -help'

   'opatch prereq -help'

   'opatch util -help'

   

OPatch succeeded.

 

#下面查看oracle 10g下的补丁信息,对于如何安装补丁,本文不作演示

oracle@M10DB01p:/users/oracle/OraHome10g/OPatch> ./opatch lsinventory

Invoking OPatch 10.2.0.3.0

    .........

Oracle Home       : /users/oracle/OraHome10g

Central Inventory : /users/oracle/oraInventory

   from           : /etc/oraInst.loc

OPatch version    : 10.2.0.3.0

OUI version       : 10.2.0.3.0

OUI location      : /users/oracle/OraHome10g/oui

Log file location : /users/oracle/OraHome10g/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-12-19_09-54-27AM.log

 

Lsinventory Output file location : /users/oracle/OraHome10g/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2013-12-19_09-54-27AM.txt

 

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