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用fileupload组件实现的大文件上传简单实例

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2017-04-09 18:10
1.FileUploadServlet.java文件,实现上传处理 import java.io.File;import java.io.IOException;import java.io.PrintWriter;import java.text.DecimalFormat;import java.util.Iterator;import java.util.List;import javax.servlet.ServletException;impor
1.FileUploadServlet.java文件,实现上传处理

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.text.DecimalFormat;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileUploadException;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileUploadBase.SizeLimitExceededException;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.disk.DiskFileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.servlet.ServletFileUpload;

public class FileUploadServlet extends HttpServlet
{
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

 public FileUploadServlet()
 {
 super();
 }

 protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
 HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException
 {
 this.doPost(request, response);
 }

 protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request,
 HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException
 {

 final long MAX_SIZE = 2048 * 1024 * 1024;// 设置上传文件最大值为2G,可以改为更大
 // 允许上传的文件格式的列表
 final String[] allowedExt = new String[]
 { "exe","jpg","DT" };
 response.setContentType("text/html");
 // 设置字符编码为UTF-8, 统一编码,处理出现乱码问题
 response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");

 // 实例化一个硬盘文件工厂,用来配置上传组件ServletFileUpload
 DiskFileItemFactory dfif = new DiskFileItemFactory();

 // 用以上工厂实例化上传组件
 ServletFileUpload sfu = new ServletFileUpload(dfif);
 // 设置最大上传大小
 sfu.setSizeMax(MAX_SIZE);

 PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
 // 从request得到所有上传域的列表
 List fileList = null;
 try
 {
 fileList = sfu.parseRequest(request);
 } catch (FileUploadException e)
 {// 处理文件尺寸过大异常
 if (e instanceof SizeLimitExceededException)
 {
 out.println("文件尺寸超过规定大小:" + MAX_SIZE + "字节<p />");
 out.println("<a href=\"FileUpload.html\" target=\"_top\">返回</a>");
 return;
 }
 e.printStackTrace();
 }
 // 没有文件上传
 if (fileList == null || fileList.size() == 0)
 {
 out.println("请选择上传文件<p />");
 out.println("<a href=\"FileUpload.html\" target=\"_top\">返回</a>");
 return;
 }
 //文件大小取两位小数
 DecimalFormat digit=new DecimalFormat("0.00");
 // 得到所有上传的文件
 Iterator fileItr = fileList.iterator();
 // 循环处理所有文件
 while (fileItr.hasNext())
 {
 FileItem fileItem = null;
 String path = null;
 double size = 0;
 // 得到当前文件
 fileItem = (FileItem) fileItr.next();
 // 忽略简单form字段而不是上传域的文件域(<input type="text" />等)
 if (fileItem == null || fileItem.isFormField())
 {
 continue;
 }

 // 得到文件的大小,K为单位并保留两位小数
 size = (double)fileItem.getSize()/1024;
 if ("".equals(path) || size == 0)
 {
 out.println("<html><head><title>上传处理界面</title></head>");
 out.println("请选择上传文件<p />");
 out.println("<a href=\"FileUpload.html\" target=\"_top\">返回</a>");
 out.println("</html>");
 return;
 }
 // 得到文件的完整路径
 path = fileItem.getName();
  
 // 得到去除路径的文件名
 String t_name = path.substring(path.lastIndexOf("\\") + 1);
 // 得到文件的扩展名(无扩展名时将得到全名)
 String t_ext = t_name.substring(t_name.lastIndexOf(".") + 1);
 // 拒绝接受规定文件格式之外的文件类型
 int allowFlag = 0;
 int allowedExtCount = allowedExt.length;
 for (; allowFlag < allowedExtCount; allowFlag++)
 {
 if (allowedExt[allowFlag].equals(t_ext))
 break;
 }
 if (allowFlag == allowedExtCount)
 {
 out.println("<html><head><title>上传处理界面</title></head>");
 out.println("请上传以下类型的文件<p />");
 for (allowFlag = 0; allowFlag < allowedExtCount; allowFlag++)
 out.println("*." + allowedExt[allowFlag]
 + "   ");
 out.println("<p /><a href=\"FileUpload.html\" target=\"_top\">返回</a>");
 out.println("</html>");
 return;
 }
 try
 {
 // 保存文件到服务器根目录下
 fileItem.write(new File("\\"+t_name));
 System.out.println(t_name);
 out.println("<html><head><title>上传处理界面</title></head>");
 out.println("文件名称为:" + path + "<br>");
 out.println("文件上传成功, 已保存为: " + t_name
 + "<br>"+" 文件大小: " + digit.format(size) + "K <p />");
 out.println("<a href=\"FileUpload.html\" target=\"_top\">继续上传</a>");
 out.println("</html>");
 } catch (Exception e)
 {
 e.printStackTrace();
 }
 }
 }
}


2.FileUpload.html文件,实现上传页面。

<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>文件上传</title>
</head>
<body>
<form action="FileUploadServlet" method="post"
enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="file" size="30"
name="file01" /><br>
<pre> <input name="submit" type="submit" value="上传"> <input name="reset" type="reset" value="重置">
</pre>
</form>
</body>
</html>


3.配置web.xml文件中的的servlet和过滤器,过滤器解决上传文件名为中文时出现乱码。



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"> <servlet>
<display-name>FileUploadServlet</display-name>
<servlet-name>FileUploadServlet</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>FileUploadServlet</servlet-class>
</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>FileUploadServlet</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/FileUploadServlet</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

<filter>
<filter-name>setCharacterEncoding </filter-name>
<filter-class>com.xulu.EncodingChange</filter-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>ignore </param-name>
<param-value>true </param-value>
</init-param>

<init-param>
<param-name>encoding </param-name>
<param-value>UTF-8 </param-value>
</init-param>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
<filter-name>setCharacterEncoding </filter-name>
<url-pattern>/* </url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>
<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>
<login-config>
<auth-method>BASIC</auth-method>
</login-config>
</web-app>


4.过滤器文件EncodingChange.java和setCharacterEncoding.java分别如下,并且在根目录下的WEB-INF\classes\com\xulu文件夹中放入他它们编译生成的.class文件

package com.xulu;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class EncodingChange implements Filter
{
 protected String encoding = null;
 protected FilterConfig filterconfig = null;
 protected boolean ignore = true;

 public void destroy()
 {
 this.encoding = null;
 this.filterconfig = null;
 }

 public void doFilter(ServletRequest requests, ServletResponse responses,
 FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException
 {
 // TODO Auto-generated method stub
 HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) requests;
 HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) responses;
 if (ignore || request.getCharacterEncoding() == null)
 {
 String encoding = selectEncoding(request);
 if (encoding != null)
 {
 request.setCharacterEncoding(encoding);
 request.getSession().getAttribute("Login_Student");
 request.getSession().getAttribute("Login_Teacher");
 request.getSession().getAttribute("Login_Admin");
 }
 }
 chain.doFilter(request, response);
 }

 public void init(FilterConfig filterconfig) throws ServletException
 {
 // TODO Auto-generated method stub
 this.filterconfig = filterconfig;
 this.encoding = filterconfig.getInitParameter("encoding");
 String value = filterconfig.getInitParameter("ignore");
 if (value == null)
 {
 this.ignore = true;
 } else if (value.equalsIgnoreCase("true"))
 {
 this.ignore = true;
 } else if (value.equalsIgnoreCase("yes"))
 {
 this.ignore = true;
 } else
 {
 this.ignore = false;
 }
 }

 public String selectEncoding(ServletRequest request)
 {
 return this.encoding;
 }
}
和
package com.xulu;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class setCharacterEncoding implements Filter{
protected String encoding=null;
protected FilterConfig filterconfig=null;
protected boolean ignore=true;

public void destroy() {
this.encoding=null;
this.filterconfig=null;
}

public void doFilter(ServletRequest requests, ServletResponse responses,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
HttpServletRequest request=(HttpServletRequest)requests;
HttpServletResponse response=(HttpServletResponse)responses;
if(ignore||request.getCharacterEncoding()==null){
String encoding=selectEncoding(request);
if(encoding!=null){
request.setCharacterEncoding(encoding);
request.getSession().getAttribute("Login_Student");
request.getSession().getAttribute("Login_Teacher");
request.getSession().getAttribute("Login_Admin");
}
}
chain.doFilter(request, response);
}

public void init(FilterConfig filterconfig) throws ServletException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
this.filterconfig = filterconfig;
this.encoding = filterconfig.getInitParameter("encoding");
String value = filterconfig.getInitParameter("ignore");
if (value == null) {
this.ignore = true;
} else if (value.equalsIgnoreCase("true")) {
this.ignore = true;
} else if (value.equalsIgnoreCase("yes")) {
this.ignore = true;
} else {
this.ignore = false;
}
}
public String selectEncoding(ServletRequest request){
return this.encoding;
}
}


5.在浏览器中就可以实现页面的上传了,访问http://localhost:8080/**/FileUpload.html就可以了。其中**为自己命名的web文件夹,如DoUpload,上面的文件都在该目录里,且DoUpload文件夹放在Tomcat的webapp文件夹下。

补充:在上述所有步骤之前需引入三个.jar文件,分别为commons-fileupload-1.2.1.jar,commons-io-1.4.jar和servlet-api.jar网上可以下载到

以上就是小编为大家带来的用fileupload组件实现的大文件上传简单实例的全部内容了,希望对大家有所帮助,多多支持鸿网互联~

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