鸿 网 互 联 www.68idc.cn

当前位置 : 服务器租用 > 网站制作教程 > JSP > >

springmvc对同名参数处理-我们到底能走多远系列(44)

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2016-06-19 10:25
sPRingmvc对同名参数处理 扯淡: 中断发博客几个月,其实蛮不爽的,可能最近太忙太劳累了些,很多总结也没时间写,今天刚好遇到个小问题,就阅读下源码找找乐。因为考虑到网上大多是提供解决问题的方案,没有实际去看spring源码流程,所以就发个博文记录下,

sPRingmvc对同名参数处理

扯淡:

中断发博客几个月,其实蛮不爽的,可能最近太忙太劳累了些,很多总结也没时间写,今天刚好遇到个小问题,就阅读下源码找找乐。因为考虑到网上大多是提供解决问题的方案,没有实际去看spring源码流程,所以就发个博文记录下,万一以后有同学搜到我的文章能深入看些东西吧。

 

问题描述:

前端有多个相同name的input:

<input type="text"  min="1" max="31" name="xName" value="1" />
<input type="text"  min="1" max="31" name="xName" value="2" />
<input type="text"  min="1" max="31" name="xName" value="3" />
  提交时流程原理: 一般容器在HTTP协议的Request传递到ServletContainer中后,Container就会为该次请求生成一个HTTPServletRequest对象,在HTTPServletRequest对象中,参数和值,放入到了Map中。 tomcat源码中放入map时的代码:
   /**
     * Put name and value pair in map.  When name already exist, add value
     * to array of values.
     *
     * @param map The map to populate
     * @param name The parameter name
     * @param value The parameter value
     */
    private static void putMapEntry( Map map, String name, String value) {
        String[] newValues = null;
        String[] oldValues = (String[]) map.get(name);
        if (oldValues == null) {
            newValues = new String[1];
            newValues[0] = value;
        } else {
            newValues = new String[oldValues.length + 1];
            System.arraycopy(oldValues, 0, newValues, 0, oldValues.length);
            newValues[oldValues.length] = value;
        }
        map.put(name, newValues);
    }

 

可见同名的name,都会被放入数组的value中,而在servlet中,获取value的两个方法:

request.getParameter 
request.getParameterValues

第一个获取的是数组的第一个值,第二个则获得整个数组。

springmvc框架在遇到这种同名参数提交,而参数中有逗号时,会出现问题: 比如我提交的值是 xname=123 和 xname=45,67 那么在进入action拿到参数时会变成string[] xname = ["123","45","67"] 就会影响业务逻辑正确执行。  

解决方案:

就是在提交后台前,将参数进行转码,后台再进行解码就可以了。至于采用哪一种转码解码方式,其实没有什么要求,只需要注意采用方案会将逗号转码即可,知道这个关键点就好了。   实践方案: 前端代码:
$("input[name='ssidName']").each(function(){
                        $(this).val(encodeURIComponent($(this).val()));
                    })

 

后端java代码:

URLDecoder.decode(ssidNames [i], "UTF-8" )

 

灵活点的想法是:采用可逆转的转码解码也可,比如base64。有兴趣的可以尝试。  

源码阅读:

  虽然知道spring有这个自动组装的功能,那么我就找到这段代码:

关于springmvc原理分析这文章不错:http://www.cnblogs.com/heavenyes/p/3905844.html

 

我就在它后面再更进一步分析同名参数是如何处理的。

完成request中的参数和方法参数上数据的绑定:

private Object[] resolveHandlerArguments(Method handlerMethod, Object handler,
            NativeWebRequest webRequest, ExtendedModelMap implicitModel) throws Exception {
     // 1.获取方法参数类型的数组
        Class[] paramTypes = handlerMethod.getParameterTypes();
    // 声明数组,存参数的值
        Object[] args = new Object[paramTypes.length];
    //2.遍历参数数组,获取每个参数的值
        for (int i = 0; i < args.length; i++) {
            MethodParameter methodParam = new MethodParameter(handlerMethod, i);
            methodParam.initParameterNameDiscovery(this.parameterNameDiscoverer);
            GenericTypeResolver.resolveParameterType(methodParam, handler.getClass());
            String paramName = null;
            String headerName = null;
            boolean requestBodyFound = false;
            String cookieName = null;
            String pathVarName = null;
            String attrName = null;
            boolean required = false;
            String defaultValue = null;
            boolean validate = false;
            int annotationsFound = 0;
            Annotation[] paramAnns = methodParam.getParameterAnnotations();
       // 处理参数上的注解
            for (Annotation paramAnn : paramAnns) {
                if (RequestParam.class.isInstance(paramAnn)) {
                    RequestParam requestParam = (RequestParam) paramAnn;
                    paramName = requestParam.value();
                    required = requestParam.required();
                    defaultValue = parseDefaultValueAttribute(requestParam.defaultValue());
                    annotationsFound++;
                }
                else if (RequestHeader.class.isInstance(paramAnn)) {
                    RequestHeader requestHeader = (RequestHeader) paramAnn;
                    headerName = requestHeader.value();
                    required = requestHeader.required();
                    defaultValue = parseDefaultValueAttribute(requestHeader.defaultValue());
                    annotationsFound++;
                }
                else if (RequestBody.class.isInstance(paramAnn)) {
                    requestBodyFound = true;
                    annotationsFound++;
                }
                else if (CookieValue.class.isInstance(paramAnn)) {
                    CookieValue cookieValue = (CookieValue) paramAnn;
                    cookieName = cookieValue.value();
                    required = cookieValue.required();
                    defaultValue = parseDefaultValueAttribute(cookieValue.defaultValue());
                    annotationsFound++;
                }
                else if (PathVariable.class.isInstance(paramAnn)) {
                    PathVariable pathVar = (PathVariable) paramAnn;
                    pathVarName = pathVar.value();
                    annotationsFound++;
                }
                else if (ModelAttribute.class.isInstance(paramAnn)) {
                    ModelAttribute attr = (ModelAttribute) paramAnn;
                    attrName = attr.value();
                    annotationsFound++;
                }
                else if (Value.class.isInstance(paramAnn)) {
                    defaultValue = ((Value) paramAnn).value();
                }
                else if ("Valid".equals(paramAnn.annotationType().getSimpleName())) {
                    validate = true;
                }
            }
 
            if (annotationsFound > 1) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("Handler parameter annotations are exclusive choices - " +
                        "do not specify more than one such annotation on the same parameter: " + handlerMethod);
            }

            if (annotationsFound == 0) {// 如果没有注解
                Object argValue = resolveCommonArgument(methodParam, webRequest);
                if (argValue != WebArgumentResolver.UNRESOLVED) {
                    args[i] = argValue;
                }
                else if (defaultValue != null) {
                    args[i] = resolveDefaultValue(defaultValue);
                }
                else {
                    Class paramType = methodParam.getParameterType();
            // 将方法声明中的Map和Model参数,放到request中,用于将数据放到request中带回页面
                    if (Model.class.isAssignableFrom(paramType) || Map.class.isAssignableFrom(paramType)) {
                        args[i] = implicitModel;
                    }
                    else if (sessionStatus.class.isAssignableFrom(paramType)) {
                        args[i] = this.sessionStatus;
                    }
                    else if (HttpEntity.class.isAssignableFrom(paramType)) {
                        args[i] = resolveHttpEntityRequest(methodParam, webRequest);
                    }
                    else if (Errors.class.isAssignableFrom(paramType)) {
                        throw new IllegalStateException("Errors/BindingResult argument declared " +
                                "without preceding model attribute. Check your handler method signature!");
                    }
                    else if (BeanUtils.isSimpleProperty(paramType)) {
                        paramName = "";
                    }
                    else {
                        attrName = "";
                    }
                }
            }
       // 从request中取值,并进行赋值操作
            if (paramName != null) {
         // 根据paramName从request中取值,如果没有通过RequestParam注解指定paramName,则使用asm读取class文件来获取paramName
                args[i] = resolveRequestParam(paramName, required, defaultValue, methodParam, webRequest, handler);
            }
            else if (headerName != null) {
                args[i] = resolveRequestHeader(headerName, required, defaultValue, methodParam, webRequest, handler);
            }
            else if (requestBodyFound) {
                args[i] = resolveRequestBody(methodParam, webRequest, handler);
            }
            else if (cookieName != null) {
                args[i] = resolveCookieValue(cookieName, required, defaultValue, methodParam, webRequest, handler);
            }
            else if (pathVarName != null) {
                args[i] = resolvePathVariable(pathVarName, methodParam, webRequest, handler);
            }
            else if (attrName != null) {
                WebDataBinder binder =
                        resolveModelAttribute(attrName, methodParam, implicitModel, webRequest, handler);
                boolean assignBindingResult = (args.length > i + 1 && Errors.class.isAssignableFrom(paramTypes[i + 1]));
                if (binder.getTarget() != null) {
                    doBind(binder, webRequest, validate, !assignBindingResult);
                }
                args[i] = binder.getTarget();
                if (assignBindingResult) {
                    args[i + 1] = binder.getBindingResult();
                    i++;
                }
                implicitModel.putAll(binder.getBindingResult().getModel());
            }
        }
     // 返回参数值数组
        return args;
    }

 

resolveRequestParam方法将参数取出:

 

private Object resolveRequestParam (String paramName, boolean required, String defaultValue,
                MethodParameter methodParam, NativeWebRequest webRequest, Object handlerForInitBinderCall)
                 throws Exception {

           Class<?> paramType = methodParam.getParameterType();
            if (Map. class.isAssignableFrom(paramType) && paramName.length() == 0) {
                 return resolveRequestParamMap((Class<? extends Map>) paramType, webRequest);
           }
            if (paramName.length() == 0) {
                paramName = getRequiredParameterName(methodParam);
           }
           Object paramValue = null;
           MultipartRequest multipartRequest = webRequest.getNativeRequest(MultipartRequest.class );
            if (multipartRequest != null) {
                List<MultipartFile> files = multipartRequest.getFiles(paramName);
                 if (!files.isEmpty()) {
                     paramValue = (files.size() == 1 ? files.get(0) : files);
                }
           }
            if (paramValue == null) {
               //数组参数执行这行代码,相当于执行了request.getParameterValues(name)
                String[] paramValues = webRequest.getParameterValues(paramName);
                 if (paramValues != null) {
                    // 取出之后,如果是同名参数则赋值整个数组 paramValue此时是object
                     paramValue = (paramValues. length == 1 ? paramValues[0] : paramValues);
                }
           }
            if (paramValue == null) {
                 if (defaultValue != null) {
                     paramValue = resolveDefaultValue(defaultValue);
                }
                 else if (required) {
                     raiseMissingParameterException(paramName, paramType);
                }
                paramValue = checkValue(paramName, paramValue, paramType);
           }
           WebDataBinder binder = createBinder(webRequest, null, paramName);
           initBinder(handlerForInitBinderCall, paramName, binder, webRequest);
             // 将paramValue根据参数类型进行一次转换操作
            return binder.convertIfNecessary(paramValue, paramType, methodParam);
     }

 

最终会执行到TypeConverterDelegate的convertIfNecessary方法:

 

public <T> T convertIfNecessary(String propertyName, Object oldValue, Object newValue,
                Class<T> requiredType, TypeDescriptor typeDescriptor) throws IllegalArgumentException {

           Object convertedValue = newValue;

            // Custom editor for this type?
           PropertyEditor editor = this. propertyEditorRegistry.findCustomEditor(requiredType, propertyName);

           ConversionFailedException firstAttemptEx = null;

            // No custom editor but custom ConversionService specified?
           ConversionService conversionService = this. propertyEditorRegistry.getConversionService();
            if (editor == null && conversionService != null && convertedValue != null && typeDescriptor != null) {
                TypeDescriptor sourceTypeDesc = TypeDescriptor.forObject(newValue);
                TypeDescriptor targetTypeDesc = typeDescriptor;
                 if (conversionService.canConvert(sourceTypeDesc, targetTypeDesc)) {
                      try {
                            return (T) conversionService.convert(convertedValue, sourceTypeDesc, targetTypeDesc);
                     }
                      catch (ConversionFailedException ex) {
                            // fallback to default conversion logic below
                           firstAttemptEx = ex;
                     }
                }
           }

            // Value not of required type?
            if (editor != null || (requiredType != null && !ClassUtils.isAssignableValue(requiredType, convertedValue))) {
                 if (requiredType != null && Collection.class.isAssignableFrom(requiredType) && convertedValue instanceof String) {
                     TypeDescriptor elementType = typeDescriptor.getElementTypeDescriptor();
                      if (elementType != null && Enum.class.isAssignableFrom(elementType.getType())) {
                           convertedValue = StringUtils.commaDelimitedListToStringArray((String) convertedValue);
                     }
                }
                 if (editor == null) {
                     editor = findDefaultEditor(requiredType);
                }
                convertedValue = doConvertValue(oldValue, convertedValue, requiredType, editor);
           }

            boolean standardConversion = false;

            if (requiredType != null) {
                 // Try to apply some standard type conversion rules if appropriate.

                 if (convertedValue != null) {
                      // 因为我们的type是数组,所以执行这段逻辑,他会执行StringUtils.commaDelimitedListToStringArray
                      if (requiredType.isArray()) {
                            // Array required -> apply appropriate conversion of elements.
                            if (convertedValue instanceof String && Enum.class.isAssignableFrom(requiredType.getComponentType())) {
                                convertedValue = StringUtils.commaDelimitedListToStringArray((String) convertedValue);
                           }
                            return (T) convertToTypedArray(convertedValue, propertyName, requiredType.getComponentType());
                     }
                      else if (convertedValue instanceof Collection) {
                            // Convert elements to target type, if determined.
                           convertedValue = convertToTypedCollection(
                                     (Collection) convertedValue, propertyName, requiredType, typeDescriptor);
                           standardConversion = true;
                     }
                      else if (convertedValue instanceof Map) {
                            // Convert keys and values to respective target type, if determined.
                           convertedValue = convertToTypedMap(
                                     (Map) convertedValue, propertyName, requiredType, typeDescriptor);
                           standardConversion = true;
                     }
                      if (convertedValue.getClass().isArray() && Array.getLength(convertedValue) == 1) {
                           convertedValue = Array.get(convertedValue, 0);
                           standardConversion = true;
                     }
                      if (String. class.equals(requiredType) && ClassUtils.isPrimitiveOrWrapper(convertedValue.getClass())) {
                            // We can stringify any primitive value...
                            return (T) convertedValue.toString();
                     }
                      else if (convertedValue instanceof String && !requiredType.isInstance(convertedValue)) {
                            if (firstAttemptEx == null && !requiredType.isInterface() && !requiredType.isEnum()) {
                                 try {
                                     Constructor strCtor = requiredType.getConstructor(String.class );
                                      return (T) BeanUtils.instantiateClass(strCtor, convertedValue);
                                }
                                 catch (NoSuchMethodException ex) {
                                      // proceed with field lookup
                                      if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                                            logger.trace( "No String constructor found on type [" + requiredType.getName() + "]", ex);
                                     }
                                }
                                 catch (Exception ex) {
                                      if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                                           logger.debug( "Construction via String failed for type [" + requiredType.getName() + "]" , ex);
                                     }
                                }
                           }
                           String trimmedValue = ((String) convertedValue).trim();
                            if (requiredType.isEnum() && "".equals(trimmedValue)) {
                                 // It's an empty enum identifier: reset the enum value to null.
                                 return null;
                           }
                           convertedValue = attemptToConvertStringToEnum(requiredType, trimmedValue, convertedValue);
                           standardConversion = true;
                     }
                }

                 if (!ClassUtils. isAssignableValue(requiredType, convertedValue)) {
                      if (firstAttemptEx != null) {
                            throw firstAttemptEx;
                     }
                      // Definitely doesn't match: throw IllegalArgumentException/IllegalStateException
                     StringBuilder msg = new StringBuilder();
                     msg.append( "Cannot convert value of type [").append(ClassUtils.getDescriptiveType (newValue));
                     msg.append( "] to required type [").append(ClassUtils.getQualifiedName (requiredType)).append("]" );
                      if (propertyName != null) {
                           msg.append( " for property '").append(propertyName).append("'");
                     }
                      if (editor != null) {
                           msg.append( ": PropertyEditor [").append(editor.getClass().getName()).append(
                                      "] returned inappropriate value of type [").append(
                                     ClassUtils. getDescriptiveType(convertedValue)).append( "]");
                            throw new IllegalArgumentException(msg.toString());
                     }
                      else {
                           msg.append( ": no matching editors or conversion strategy found");
                            throw new IllegalStateException(msg.toString());
                     }
                }
           }

            if (firstAttemptEx != null) {
                 if (editor == null && !standardConversion && requiredType != null && !Object.class.equals(requiredType)) {
                      throw firstAttemptEx;
                }
                 logger.debug( "Original ConversionService attempt failed - ignored since " +
                            "PropertyEditor based conversion eventually succeeded", firstAttemptEx);
           }

            return (T) convertedValue;
     }

 

StringUtils.commaDelimitedListToStringArray代码:

 

public static String[] commaDelimitedListToStringArray (String str) {
            return  delimitedListToStringArray(str, ",");
     }

 

最终执行代码,也就是哪里把这个逗号的参数区分成两个参数的地方,众里寻他千百度啊:

public static String[] delimitedListToStringArray (String str, String delimiter, String charsToDelete) {
            if (str == null) {
                 return new String[0];
           }
            if (delimiter == null) {
                 return new String[] {str};
           }
           List<String> result = new ArrayList<String>();
            if ( "".equals(delimiter)) {
                 for ( int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
                     result.add( deleteAny(str.substring(i, i + 1), charsToDelete));
                }
           }
            else {
                 int pos = 0;
                 int delPos;
                // 逗号分隔,组装新的list
                 while ((delPos = str.indexOf(delimiter, pos)) != -1) {
                     result.add( deleteAny(str.substring(pos, delPos), charsToDelete));
                     pos = delPos + delimiter.length();
                }
                 if (str.length() > 0 && pos <= str.length()) {
                      // Add rest of String, but not in case of empty input.
                     result.add( deleteAny(str.substring(pos), charsToDelete));
                }
           }
            return  toStringArray(result);
     }

 

 

让我们继续前行

----------------------------------------------------------------------

努力不一定成功,但不努力肯定不会成功。

 

 


网友评论
<