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jsp实现针对excel及word文档的打印方法

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2015-11-01 23:44
这篇文章主要介绍了jsp实现针对excel及word文档的打印方法,涉及JSP操作excel及word的相关技巧,具有一定参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了jsp实现针对excel及word文档的打印方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

因为ms word和excel的文档都支持html文本格式,因此可以先用word或excel做好模版,另存为Web页,,然后将该html改成jsp,将数据部分动态填入即可,不用很辛苦的调整格式

word页面只要在jsp头设置如下指令:

复制代码 代码如下:

<%@page contentType="application/msword;charset=GBK" %>


excel如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

<%@page contentType="application/vnd.ms-excel;charset=GBK" %>


使用这种方式客户端必须安装有office软件,用户访问时将在ie中直接用word或excel打开该页面。

此方法优势是模板设计、调整方便,无需在服务器端使用复杂的POI或jxl技术,也无需在客户端使用ActiveX控件技术,更安全、方便,轻松实现较好的打印效果。

microsoft关于服务器端动态创建office文档的资料(asp示例):

?scid=KB;en-us;301044&

简单示例:

使用word建立一文档,画表格如下:

----------------------------
| 用户名 | 真实姓名 | 性别 |
----------------------------
| guest  | 路人甲   | 男   |
----------------------------

保存为Web页test.htm, 将test.htm改名为test.jsp,修改其中guest、路人甲、男为从数据库动态查询,如下:

<%@ page contentType="application/msword;charset=GBK" %> <%@ page import="java.sql.*" %> <html xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40"> <head> <meta http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=GB2312"> <meta name=ProgId content=Word.Document> <meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 9"> <meta name=Originator content="Microsoft Word 9"> <title>用户信息</title> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:DocumentProperties> <o:Author>evan zhao</o:Author> <o:LastAuthor>evan zhao</o:LastAuthor> <o:Revision>1</o:Revision> <o:TotalTime>1</o:TotalTime> <o:Created>2003-08-20T16:26:00Z</o:Created> <o:LastSaved>2003-08-20T16:27:00Z</o:LastSaved> <o:Pages>1</o:Pages> <o:Company>taiping</o:Company> <o:Lines>1</o:Lines> <o:Paragraphs>1</o:Paragraphs> <o:Version>9.2812</o:Version> </o:DocumentProperties> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:PunctuationKerning> <w:DrawingGridVerticalSpacing>7.8 磅</w:DrawingGridVerticalSpacing> <w:DisplayHorizontalDrawingGridEvery>0</w:DisplayHorizontalDrawingGridEvery> <w:DisplayVerticalDrawingGridEvery>2</w:DisplayVerticalDrawingGridEvery> <w:Compatibility> <w:SpaceForUL> <w:BalanceSingleByteDoubleByteWidth> <w:DoNotLeaveBackslashAlone> <w:ULTrailSpace> <w:DoNotExpandShiftReturn> <w:AdjustLineHeightInTable> <w:UseFELayout> </w:Compatibility> </w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--> <style> <!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:宋体; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-alt:SimSun; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:3 135135232 16 0 262145 0;} @font-face {font-family:"@宋体"; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:3 135135232 16 0 262145 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin:0cm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:justify; text-justify:inter-ideograph; mso-pagination:none; font-size:10.5pt; mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:宋体; mso-font-kerning:1.0pt;} /* Page Definitions */ @page {mso-page-border-surround-header:no; mso-page-border-surround-footer:no;} @page Section1 {size:595.3pt 841.9pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:42.55pt; mso-footer-margin:49.6pt; mso-paper-source:0; layout-grid:15.6pt;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> </style> </head> <body lang=ZH-CN> <div class=Section1> <table border=1 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0> <tr> <td width=189 valign=top> <p class=MsoNormal><span>用户名</span></p> </td> <td width=189 valign=top> <p class=MsoNormal><span>真实姓名</span></p> </td> <td width=189 valign=top> <p class=MsoNormal><span>性别</span></p> </td> </tr> <% Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver"); String url="jdbc:odbc:mydb"; //连接mydb数据库 Connection con=DriverManager.getConnection (url, "", ""); try{ Statement stmt=con.createStatement(); //查询employee表 ResultSet rs=stmt.executeQuery("select user_name, real_name, gender from employee "); while(rs.next()){ %> <tr> <td width=189 valign=top> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US><%=rs.getString("user_name")%></span></p> </td> <td width=189 valign=top> <p class=MsoNormal><span><%=rs.getString("real_name")%></span></p> </td> <td width=189 valign=top> <p class=MsoNormal><span><%=rs.getString("gender")%></span></p> </td> </tr> <% } // end while rs.close(); stmt.close(); } finally { con.close(); } %> </table> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US><![if !supportEmptyParas]> <![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p> </div> </body> </html>

希望本文所述对大家JSP程序设计有所帮助。

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