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python 爬取百度文库并下载(免费文章限定)

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2021-09-10 03:35
import requestsimport reimport jsonimport ossession = requests.session()def fetch_url(url): return session.get(url).content.decode('gbk')def get_doc_id(url): return re.findall('view/(.*).html', url)[0]def parse_type(content): return re.fin
import requests
import re
import json
import os

session = requests.session()


def fetch_url(url):
 return session.get(url).content.decode('gbk')


def get_doc_id(url):
 return re.findall('view/(.*).html', url)[0]


def parse_type(content):
 return re.findall(r"docType.*?\:.*?\'(.*?)\'\,", content)[0]


def parse_title(content):
 return re.findall(r"title.*?\:.*?\'(.*?)\'\,", content)[0]


def parse_doc(content):
 result = ''
 url_list = re.findall('(https.*?0.json.*?)\\\\x22}', content)
 url_list = [addr.replace("\\\\\\/", "/") for addr in url_list]
 for url in url_list[:-5]:
  content = fetch_url(url)
  y = 0
  txtlists = re.findall('"c":"(.*?)".*?"y":(.*?),', content)
  for item in txtlists:
   if not y == item[1]:
    y = item[1]
    n = '\n'
   else:
    n = ''
   result += n
   result += item[0].encode('utf-8').decode('unicode_escape', 'ignore')
 return result


def parse_txt(doc_id):
 content_url = 'https://wenku.baidu.com/api/doc/getdocinfo?callback=cb&doc_id=' + doc_id
 content = fetch_url(content_url)
 md5 = re.findall('"md5sum":"(.*?)"', content)[0]
 pn = re.findall('"totalPageNum":"(.*?)"', content)[0]
 rsign = re.findall('"rsign":"(.*?)"', content)[0]
 content_url = 'https://wkretype.bdimg.com/retype/text/' + doc_id + '?rn=' + pn + '&type=txt' + md5 + '&rsign=' + rsign
 content = json.loads(fetch_url(content_url))
 result = ''
 for item in content:
  for i in item['parags']:
   result += i['c'].replace('\\r', '\r').replace('\\n', '\n')
 return result


def parse_other(doc_id):
 content_url = "https://wenku.baidu.com/browse/getbcsurl?doc_id=" + doc_id + "&pn=1&rn=99999&type=ppt"
 content = fetch_url(content_url)
 url_list = re.findall('{"zoom":"(.*?)","page"', content)
 url_list = [item.replace("\\", '') for item in url_list]
 if not os.path.exists(doc_id):
  os.mkdir(doc_id)
 for index, url in enumerate(url_list):
  content = session.get(url).content
  path = os.path.join(doc_id, str(index) + '.jpg')
  with open(path, 'wb') as f:
   f.write(content)
 print("图片保存在" + doc_id + "文件夹")


def save_file(filename, content):
 with open(filename, 'w', encoding='utf8') as f:
  f.write(content)
  print('已保存为:' + filename)


# test_txt_url = 'https://wenku.baidu.com/view/cbb4af8b783e0912a3162a89.html?from=search'
# test_ppt_url = 'https://wenku.baidu.com/view/2b7046e3f78a6529657d5376.html?from=search'
# test_pdf_url = 'https://wenku.baidu.com/view/dd6e15c1227916888586d795.html?from=search'
# test_xls_url = 'https://wenku.baidu.com/view/eb4a5bb7312b3169a551a481.html?from=search'
def main():
 url = input('请输入要下载的文库URL地址')
 content = fetch_url(url)
 doc_id = get_doc_id(url)
 type = parse_type(content)
 title = parse_title(content)
 if type == 'doc':
  result = parse_doc(content)
  save_file(title + '.txt', result)
 elif type == 'txt':
  result = parse_txt(doc_id)
  save_file(title + '.txt', result)
 else:
  parse_other(doc_id)


if __name__ == "__main__":
 main()

爬取结果

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