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C++中md5 算法实现代码

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2021-09-23 23:38
在网上找了份c++ MD5的代码,就简单保存一下: 首先md5.h #ifndef MD5_H #define MD5_H #include string #include fstream /* Type define */ typedef unsigned char byte; typedef unsigned long ulong; using std::string; using std::ifstream; /* MD5 de

在网上找了份c++ MD5的代码,就简单保存一下:

首先md5.h

#ifndef MD5_H 
#define MD5_H 
 
#include <string> 
#include <fstream> 
 
/* Type define */ 
typedef unsigned char byte; 
typedef unsigned long ulong; 
 
using std::string; 
using std::ifstream; 
 
/* MD5 declaration. */ 
class MD5 { 
public: 
  MD5(); 
  MD5(const void *input, size_t length); 
  MD5(const string &str); 
  MD5(ifstream &in); 
  void update(const void *input, size_t length); 
  void update(const string &str); 
  void update(ifstream &in); 
  const byte* digest(); 
  string toString(); 
  void reset(); 
private: 
  void update(const byte *input, size_t length); 
  void final(); 
  void transform(const byte block[64]); 
  void encode(const ulong *input, byte *output, size_t length); 
  void decode(const byte *input, ulong *output, size_t length); 
  string bytesToHexString(const byte *input, size_t length); 
 
  /* class uncopyable */ 
  MD5(const MD5&); 
  MD5& operator=(const MD5&); 
private: 
  ulong _state[4];  /* state (ABCD) */ 
  ulong _count[2];  /* number of bits, modulo 2^64 (low-order word first) */ 
  byte _buffer[64];  /* input buffer */ 
  byte _digest[16];  /* message digest */ 
  bool _finished;   /* calculate finished ? */ 
 
  static const byte PADDING[64]; /* padding for calculate */ 
  static const char HEX[16]; 
  static const size_t BUFFER_SIZE = 1024; 
}; 
 
#endif/*MD5_H*/

然后是接口的实现文件(md5.cpp)

#include "md5.h" 
 
using namespace std; 
 
/* Constants for MD5Transform routine. */ 
#define S11 7 
#define S12 12 
#define S13 17 
#define S14 22 
#define S21 5 
#define S22 9 
#define S23 14 
#define S24 20 
#define S31 4 
#define S32 11 
#define S33 16 
#define S34 23 
#define S41 6 
#define S42 10 
#define S43 15 
#define S44 21 
 
 
/* F, G, H and I are basic MD5 functions. 
*/ 
#define F(x, y, z) (((x) & (y)) | ((~x) & (z))) 
#define G(x, y, z) (((x) & (z)) | ((y) & (~z))) 
#define H(x, y, z) ((x) ^ (y) ^ (z)) 
#define I(x, y, z) ((y) ^ ((x) | (~z))) 
 
/* ROTATE_LEFT rotates x left n bits. 
*/ 
#define ROTATE_LEFT(x, n) (((x) << (n)) | ((x) >> (32-(n)))) 
 
/* FF, GG, HH, and II transformations for rounds 1, 2, 3, and 4. 
Rotation is separate from addition to prevent recomputation. 
*/ 
#define FF(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \ 
  (a) += F ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; \ 
  (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \ 
  (a) += (b); \ 
} 
#define GG(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \ 
  (a) += G ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; \ 
  (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \ 
  (a) += (b); \ 
} 
#define HH(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \ 
  (a) += H ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; \ 
  (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \ 
  (a) += (b); \ 
} 
#define II(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \ 
  (a) += I ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; \ 
  (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \ 
  (a) += (b); \ 
} 
 
 
const byte MD5::PADDING[64] = { 0x80 }; 
const char MD5::HEX[16] = { 
  '0', '1', '2', '3', 
  '4', '5', '6', '7', 
  '8', '9', 'a', 'b', 
  'c', 'd', 'e', 'f' 
}; 
 
/* Default construct. */ 
MD5::MD5() { 
  reset(); 
} 
 
/* Construct a MD5 object with a input buffer. */ 
MD5::MD5(const void *input, size_t length) { 
  reset(); 
  update(input, length); 
} 
 
/* Construct a MD5 object with a string. */ 
MD5::MD5(const string &str) { 
  reset(); 
  update(str); 
} 
 
/* Construct a MD5 object with a file. */ 
MD5::MD5(ifstream &in) { 
  reset(); 
  update(in); 
} 
 
/* Return the message-digest */ 
const byte* MD5::digest() { 
  if (!_finished) { 
    _finished = true; 
    final(); 
  } 
  return _digest; 
} 
 
/* Reset the calculate state */ 
void MD5::reset() { 
 
  _finished = false; 
  /* reset number of bits. */ 
  _count[0] = _count[1] = 0; 
  /* Load magic initialization constants. */ 
  _state[0] = 0x67452301; 
  _state[1] = 0xefcdab89; 
  _state[2] = 0x98badcfe; 
  _state[3] = 0x10325476; 
} 
 
/* Updating the context with a input buffer. */ 
void MD5::update(const void *input, size_t length) { 
  update((const byte*)input, length); 
} 
 
/* Updating the context with a string. */ 
void MD5::update(const string &str) { 
  update((const byte*)str.c_str(), str.length()); 
} 
 
/* Updating the context with a file. */ 
void MD5::update(ifstream &in) { 
 
  if (!in) 
    return; 
 
  std::streamsize length; 
  char buffer[BUFFER_SIZE]; 
  while (!in.eof()) { 
    in.read(buffer, BUFFER_SIZE); 
    length = in.gcount(); 
    if (length > 0) 
      update(buffer, length); 
  } 
  in.close(); 
} 
 
/* MD5 block update operation. Continues an MD5 message-digest 
operation, processing another message block, and updating the 
context. 
*/ 
void MD5::update(const byte *input, size_t length) { 
 
  ulong i, index, partLen; 
 
  _finished = false; 
 
  /* Compute number of bytes mod 64 */ 
  index = (ulong)((_count[0] >> 3) & 0x3f); 
 
  /* update number of bits */ 
  if((_count[0] += ((ulong)length << 3)) < ((ulong)length << 3)) 
    _count[1]++; 
  _count[1] += ((ulong)length >> 29); 
 
  partLen = 64 - index; 
 
  /* transform as many times as possible. */ 
  if(length >= partLen) { 
 
    memcpy(&_buffer[index], input, partLen); 
    transform(_buffer); 
 
    for (i = partLen; i + 63 < length; i += 64) 
      transform(&input[i]); 
    index = 0; 
 
  } else { 
    i = 0; 
  } 
 
  /* Buffer remaining input */ 
  memcpy(&_buffer[index], &input[i], length-i); 
} 
 
/* MD5 finalization. Ends an MD5 message-_digest operation, writing the 
the message _digest and zeroizing the context. 
*/ 
void MD5::final() { 
 
  byte bits[8]; 
  ulong oldState[4]; 
  ulong oldCount[2]; 
  ulong index, padLen; 
 
  /* Save current state and count. */ 
  memcpy(oldState, _state, 16); 
  memcpy(oldCount, _count, 8); 
 
  /* Save number of bits */ 
  encode(_count, bits, 8); 
 
  /* Pad out to 56 mod 64. */ 
  index = (ulong)((_count[0] >> 3) & 0x3f); 
  padLen = (index < 56) ? (56 - index) : (120 - index); 
  update(PADDING, padLen); 
 
  /* Append length (before padding) */ 
  update(bits, 8); 
 
  /* Store state in digest */ 
  encode(_state, _digest, 16); 
 
  /* Restore current state and count. */ 
  memcpy(_state, oldState, 16); 
  memcpy(_count, oldCount, 8); 
} 
 
/* MD5 basic transformation. Transforms _state based on block. */ 
void MD5::transform(const byte block[64]) { 
 
  ulong a = _state[0], b = _state[1], c = _state[2], d = _state[3], x[16]; 
 
  decode(block, x, 64); 
 
  /* Round 1 */ 
  FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S11, 0xd76aa478); /* 1 */ 
  FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 1], S12, 0xe8c7b756); /* 2 */ 
  FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S13, 0x242070db); /* 3 */ 
  FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 3], S14, 0xc1bdceee); /* 4 */ 
  FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S11, 0xf57c0faf); /* 5 */ 
  FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 5], S12, 0x4787c62a); /* 6 */ 
  FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S13, 0xa8304613); /* 7 */ 
  FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 7], S14, 0xfd469501); /* 8 */ 
  FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S11, 0x698098d8); /* 9 */ 
  FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 9], S12, 0x8b44f7af); /* 10 */ 
  FF (c, d, a, b, x[10], S13, 0xffff5bb1); /* 11 */ 
  FF (b, c, d, a, x[11], S14, 0x895cd7be); /* 12 */ 
  FF (a, b, c, d, x[12], S11, 0x6b901122); /* 13 */ 
  FF (d, a, b, c, x[13], S12, 0xfd987193); /* 14 */ 
  FF (c, d, a, b, x[14], S13, 0xa679438e); /* 15 */ 
  FF (b, c, d, a, x[15], S14, 0x49b40821); /* 16 */ 
 
  /* Round 2 */ 
  GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S21, 0xf61e2562); /* 17 */ 
  GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 6], S22, 0xc040b340); /* 18 */ 
  GG (c, d, a, b, x[11], S23, 0x265e5a51); /* 19 */ 
  GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 0], S24, 0xe9b6c7aa); /* 20 */ 
  GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S21, 0xd62f105d); /* 21 */ 
  GG (d, a, b, c, x[10], S22, 0x2441453); /* 22 */ 
  GG (c, d, a, b, x[15], S23, 0xd8a1e681); /* 23 */ 
  GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 4], S24, 0xe7d3fbc8); /* 24 */ 
  GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S21, 0x21e1cde6); /* 25 */ 
  GG (d, a, b, c, x[14], S22, 0xc33707d6); /* 26 */ 
  GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S23, 0xf4d50d87); /* 27 */ 
  GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 8], S24, 0x455a14ed); /* 28 */ 
  GG (a, b, c, d, x[13], S21, 0xa9e3e905); /* 29 */ 
  GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 2], S22, 0xfcefa3f8); /* 30 */ 
  GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S23, 0x676f02d9); /* 31 */ 
  GG (b, c, d, a, x[12], S24, 0x8d2a4c8a); /* 32 */ 
 
  /* Round 3 */ 
  HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S31, 0xfffa3942); /* 33 */ 
  HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 8], S32, 0x8771f681); /* 34 */ 
  HH (c, d, a, b, x[11], S33, 0x6d9d6122); /* 35 */ 
  HH (b, c, d, a, x[14], S34, 0xfde5380c); /* 36 */ 
  HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S31, 0xa4beea44); /* 37 */ 
  HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 4], S32, 0x4bdecfa9); /* 38 */ 
  HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S33, 0xf6bb4b60); /* 39 */ 
  HH (b, c, d, a, x[10], S34, 0xbebfbc70); /* 40 */ 
  HH (a, b, c, d, x[13], S31, 0x289b7ec6); /* 41 */ 
  HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 0], S32, 0xeaa127fa); /* 42 */ 
  HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S33, 0xd4ef3085); /* 43 */ 
  HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 6], S34, 0x4881d05); /* 44 */ 
  HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S31, 0xd9d4d039); /* 45 */ 
  HH (d, a, b, c, x[12], S32, 0xe6db99e5); /* 46 */ 
  HH (c, d, a, b, x[15], S33, 0x1fa27cf8); /* 47 */ 
  HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 2], S34, 0xc4ac5665); /* 48 */ 
 
  /* Round 4 */ 
  II (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S41, 0xf4292244); /* 49 */ 
  II (d, a, b, c, x[ 7], S42, 0x432aff97); /* 50 */ 
  II (c, d, a, b, x[14], S43, 0xab9423a7); /* 51 */ 
  II (b, c, d, a, x[ 5], S44, 0xfc93a039); /* 52 */ 
  II (a, b, c, d, x[12], S41, 0x655b59c3); /* 53 */ 
  II (d, a, b, c, x[ 3], S42, 0x8f0ccc92); /* 54 */ 
  II (c, d, a, b, x[10], S43, 0xffeff47d); /* 55 */ 
  II (b, c, d, a, x[ 1], S44, 0x85845dd1); /* 56 */ 
  II (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S41, 0x6fa87e4f); /* 57 */ 
  II (d, a, b, c, x[15], S42, 0xfe2ce6e0); /* 58 */ 
  II (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S43, 0xa3014314); /* 59 */ 
  II (b, c, d, a, x[13], S44, 0x4e0811a1); /* 60 */ 
  II (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S41, 0xf7537e82); /* 61 */ 
  II (d, a, b, c, x[11], S42, 0xbd3af235); /* 62 */ 
  II (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S43, 0x2ad7d2bb); /* 63 */ 
  II (b, c, d, a, x[ 9], S44, 0xeb86d391); /* 64 */ 
 
  _state[0] += a; 
  _state[1] += b; 
  _state[2] += c; 
  _state[3] += d; 
} 
 
/* Encodes input (ulong) into output (byte). Assumes length is 
a multiple of 4. 
*/ 
void MD5::encode(const ulong *input, byte *output, size_t length) { 
 
  for(size_t i=0, j=0; j<length; i++, j+=4) { 
    output[j]= (byte)(input[i] & 0xff); 
    output[j+1] = (byte)((input[i] >> 8) & 0xff); 
    output[j+2] = (byte)((input[i] >> 16) & 0xff); 
    output[j+3] = (byte)((input[i] >> 24) & 0xff); 
  } 
} 
 
/* Decodes input (byte) into output (ulong). Assumes length is 
a multiple of 4. 
*/ 
void MD5::decode(const byte *input, ulong *output, size_t length) { 
 
  for(size_t i=0, j=0; j<length; i++, j+=4) {  
    output[i] = ((ulong)input[j]) | (((ulong)input[j+1]) << 8) | 
      (((ulong)input[j+2]) << 16) | (((ulong)input[j+3]) << 24); 
  } 
} 
 
/* Convert byte array to hex string. */ 
string MD5::bytesToHexString(const byte *input, size_t length) { 
  string str; 
  str.reserve(length << 1); 
  for(size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) { 
    int t = input[i]; 
    int a = t / 16; 
    int b = t % 16; 
    str.append(1, HEX[a]); 
    str.append(1, HEX[b]); 
  } 
  return str; 
} 
 
/* Convert digest to string value */ 
string MD5::toString() { 
  return bytesToHexString(digest(), 16); 
}

//test.cpp

#include "md5.h" 
#include <iostream> 
 
using namespace std; 
 
void PrintMD5(const string &str, MD5 &md5) { 
  cout << "MD5(\"" << str << "\") = " << md5.toString() << endl; 
} 
 
string FileDigest(const string &file) { 
 
  ifstream in(file.c_str(), ios::binary); 
  if (!in) 
    return ""; 
 
  MD5 md5; 
  std::streamsize length; 
  char buffer[1024]; 
  while (!in.eof()) { 
    in.read(buffer, 1024); 
    length = in.gcount(); 
    if (length > 0) 
      md5.update(buffer, length); 
  } 
  in.close(); 
  return md5.toString(); 
} 
 
int main() { 
  cout << MD5("abc").toString() << endl; 
 
  cout << FileDigest("D:\\staticDll.dll") << endl; 
 
  return 0; 
}

最后main函数中,一个是生成字符串的md5码,另外一个是读取文件生成md5码,然后和python生成的md5码一比较就可以判断文件有没有被修改。

因为需要校验文件,所以要使用md5算法,发现用python脚本生成文件的md5值不要太简单啊

#-*- coding:utf-8 –*- 
import os,sys 
from hashlib import md5 
#文件的MD5校验码是根据文件的内容生成的信息摘要,方法如下, 
<span style="background-color: rgb(255, 0, 0);">def md5_file(name): 
  m = md5() 
  fd = open(name, 'rb')  #需要使用二进制格式读取文件内容 
  m.update(fd.read()) 
  fd.close() 
  return m.hexdigest()</span> 
 
 
def usage(): 
  print 'Usage:' 
  print 'timestamp.py dllFilesFullPath md5Path' 
  print '处理文件 dll文件夹路径 存储的文件路径(txt格式)' 
 
 
if(len(sys.argv)<3): #如果参数不对,给出提示 
  usage() 
  sys.exit(0) 
dllFilePath = sys.argv[1] 
md5File = sys.argv[2] 
f = open(md5File, 'wb') 
listfile=os.listdir(dllFilePath) 
for name in listfile: 
<span style="white-space:pre">  </span>ext_name = name[-4:] 
<span style="white-space:pre">  </span>if ext_name =='.dll' or ext_name=='.exe': 
<span style="white-space:pre">    </span>dllName = '%s/%s' % (dllFilePath,name) 
<span style="white-space:pre">    </span>mdKey = md5_file(dllName) 
<span style="white-space:pre">    </span>f.write(name) 
<span style="white-space:pre">    </span>f.write('\n') 
<span style="white-space:pre">    </span>f.write(mdKey) 
<span style="white-space:pre">    </span>f.write('\n') 
f.close()

几行代码搞定,还要算上打开文件的操作,最后txt中存放了dll或exe文件的名称与md5,为了简单奇数行是文件名称,偶数行是md5值

但是用c++来读取文件校验md5的值的话就好麻烦啊,吐槽一句:越来越不喜欢重度的语言了,越来越喜欢python了~~

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