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C++实现发送邮件和附件功能

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2021-09-23 22:20
本文实例为大家分享了C++实现发送邮件和附件的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下 头文件 /**************************发送邮件模块头文件 *可以发送文本和附件(支持多个附件一起发送) **************************/ #pragma once struct sMailInfo //邮件

本文实例为大家分享了C++实现发送邮件和附件的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

头文件

/*************************
*发送邮件模块头文件 
*可以发送文本和附件(支持多个附件一起发送) 
**************************/ 
#pragma once 
struct sMailInfo //邮件信息 
{ 
 char* m_pcUserName;//用户登录邮箱的名称 
 char* m_pcUserPassWord;//用户登录邮箱的密码 
 char* m_pcSenderName;//用户发送时显示的名称 
 char* m_pcSender;//发送者的邮箱地址 
 char* m_pcReceiver;//接收者的邮箱地址 
 char* m_pcTitle;//邮箱标题 
 char* m_pcBody;//邮件文本正文 
 char* m_pcIPAddr;//服务器的IP 
 char* m_pcIPName;//服务器的名称(IP与名称二选一,优先取名称) 
 sMailInfo(){memset(this,0,sizeof(sMailInfo));} 
}; 
class CSendMail 
{ 
public: 
 CSendMail(void); 
 ~CSendMail(void); 
 
public: 
 bool SendMail(sMailInfo &smailInfo);//发送邮件,需要在发送的时候初始化邮件信息 
 void AddFilePath(char * pcFilePath);//添加附件的决定路径到附件列表中 
 void DeleteFilePath(char* pcFilePath);//删除附件路径,如果有的话 
 void DeleteAllPath(void);//删除全部附件的路径 
 
protected: 
 void GetFileName(char* fileName,char* filePath);//从附件的路径中获取文件名称 
 void Char2Base64(char* pBuff64,char* pSrcBuff,int iLen);//把char类型转换成Base64类型 
 bool CReateSocket(SOCKET &sock);//建立socket连接 
 bool Logon(SOCKET &sock);//登录邮箱,主要进行发邮件前的准备工作 
 int GetFileData(char* FilePath);//由文件路径获取附件内容 
 
 bool SendHead(SOCKET &sock);//发送邮件头 
 bool SendTextBody(SOCKET &sock);//发送邮件文本正文 
 bool SendFileBody(SOCKET &sock);//发送邮件附件 
 bool SendEnd(SOCKET &sock);//发送邮件结尾 
protected: 
 CList<char*,char*> m_pcFilePathList;//记录附件路径 
 
 char m_cSendBuff[4096];//发送缓冲区 
 char m_cReceiveBuff[1024]; 
 char* m_pcFileBuff;//指向附件内容 
 sMailInfo m_sMailInfo; 
}; 

模块实现文件

/****************************
* 发送邮件模块 
*可以发送文本和附件(支持多个附件一起发送) 
*Date:2011-12-01 
******************************/ 
#include "StdAfx.h" 
#include "SendMail.h" 
#include "winsock2.h" 
#pragma comment(lib,"WSOCK32") 
 
CSendMail::CSendMail(void) 
{ 
 m_pcFileBuff=NULL; 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 memset(m_cReceiveBuff,0,sizeof(m_cReceiveBuff)); 
} 
 
 
CSendMail::~CSendMail(void) 
{ 
 DeleteAllPath(); 
} 
 
 
void CSendMail::Char2Base64(char* pBuff64,char* pSrcBuff,int iLen) 
{ 
 //1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 
 // 分配给pBuff64 ↑ 分配给pBuff64+1 
 //   point所在的位置 
 static char Base64Encode[] = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";//base64所映射的字符表 
 int point;//每一个源字符拆分的位置,可取2,4,6;初始为2 
 point=2; 
 int i; 
 int iIndex;//base64字符的索引 
 char n=0;//上一个源字符的残留值 
 for(i=0;i<iLen;i++) 
 { 
  if(point==2) 
  { 
   iIndex=((*pSrcBuff)>>point)&0x3f;//取得pSrcBuff的高point位 
  } 
  else if (point==4) 
  { 
   iIndex=((*pSrcBuff)>>point)&0xf;//取得pSrcBuff的高point位 
  } 
  else if(point==6) 
  { 
   iIndex=((*pSrcBuff)>>point)&0x3;//取得pSrcBuff的高point位 
  } 
  iIndex+=n;//与pSrcBuff-1的低point结合组成Base64的索引 
  *pBuff64++=Base64Encode[iIndex];//由索引表得到pBuff64 
  n=((*pSrcBuff)<<(6-point));//计算源字符中的残留值 
  n=n&0x3f;//确保n的最高两位为0 
  point+=2;//源字符的拆分位置上升2 
  if(point==8)//如果拆分位置为8说明pSrcBuff有6位残留,可以组成一个完整的Base64字符,所以直接再组合一次 
  { 
   iIndex=(*pSrcBuff)&0x3f;//提取低6位,这就是索引了 
   *pBuff64++=Base64Encode[iIndex];// 
   n=0;//残留值为0 
   point=2;//拆分位置设为2 
  } 
  pSrcBuff++; 
 
 } 
 if(n!=0) 
 { 
  *pBuff64++=Base64Encode[n]; 
 } 
 if(iLen%3==2)//如果源字符串长度不是3的倍数要用'='补全 
 { 
  *pBuff64='='; 
 } 
 else if(iLen%3==1) 
 { 
  *pBuff64++='='; 
  *pBuff64='='; 
 } 
} 
 
void CSendMail::AddFilePath(char * pcFilePath)//添加附件路径 
{ 
 if(pcFilePath==NULL) 
 { 
  return; 
 } 
 int i; 
 char* temp; 
 for(i=0;i<m_pcFilePathList.GetCount();i++) 
 { 
  temp=m_pcFilePathList.GetAt(m_pcFilePathList.FindIndex(i)); 
  if(strcmp(pcFilePath,temp)==0)//如果已经存在就不用再添加了 
  { 
   return; 
  } 
 } 
 m_pcFilePathList.AddTail(pcFilePath); 
} 
 
void CSendMail::DeleteFilePath(char* pcFilePath)//删除附件路径 
{ 
 int i; 
 char* temp; 
 for(i=0;i<m_pcFilePathList.GetCount();i++) 
 { 
  temp=m_pcFilePathList.GetAt(m_pcFilePathList.FindIndex(i)); 
  if(strcmp(temp,pcFilePath)==0)//找到并删除它,如果没找到就算了 
  { 
   m_pcFilePathList.RemoveAt(m_pcFilePathList.FindIndex(i)); 
   delete[] temp; 
   return; 
  } 
 } 
} 
 
 
void CSendMail::DeleteAllPath(void) 
{ 
 m_pcFilePathList.RemoveAll(); 
} 
 
int CSendMail::GetFileData(char* FilePath) 
{ 
 m_pcFileBuff=NULL; 
 if(FilePath==NULL) 
 { 
  return 0; 
 } 
 CFile f; 
 int len; 
  
  
 USES_CONVERSION; 
 if(!f.Open(A2W(FilePath),CFile::modeRead|CFile::modeNoTruncate|CFile::typeBinary)) 
 { 
  return 0; 
 } 
 len=(int)f.GetLength(); 
 m_pcFileBuff=new char[len+1]; 
 memset(m_pcFileBuff,0,len+1); 
 f.Read(m_pcFileBuff,len); 
 
 f.Close(); 
 return len; 
} 
 
void CSendMail::GetFileName(char* fileName,char* filePath) 
{ 
 if(filePath==NULL || fileName==NULL) 
 { 
  return; 
 } 
 int i; 
 for(i=0;i<(int)strlen(filePath);i++) 
 { 
  if(filePath[strlen(filePath)-1-i]=='\\') 
  { 
   memcpy(fileName,&filePath[strlen(filePath)-i],i); 
   return; 
  } 
 } 
} 
 
bool CSendMail::CReateSocket(SOCKET &sock) 
{ 
 WORD wVersionRequested; 
 WSADATA wsaData; 
 int err; 
 wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 2, 2 ); 
 err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData ); 
 if ( err != 0 ) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 2 || 
  HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 2 ) 
 { 
  WSACleanup( ); 
  return false; 
 } 
 sock = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,IPPROTO_IP); 
 if (sock == INVALID_SOCKET) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 sockaddr_in servaddr; 
 memset(&servaddr,0,sizeof(sockaddr_in)); 
 servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET; 
 servaddr.sin_port = htons(25);//发邮件一般都是25端口 
 if(m_sMailInfo.m_pcIPName=="") 
 { 
  servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(m_sMailInfo.m_pcIPAddr);//直接使用IP地址 
 } 
 else 
 { 
  struct hostent *hp=gethostbyname(m_sMailInfo.m_pcIPName);//使用名称 
  servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr=*(int*)(*hp->h_addr_list); 
 } 
 
 
 int ret = connect(sock,(sockaddr*)&servaddr,sizeof(servaddr));//建立连接 
 if (ret == SOCKET_ERROR) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 return true; 
} 
 
 
bool CSendMail::Logon(SOCKET &sock) 
{ 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"HELO []\r\n"); 
 send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0);//开始会话 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 if(m_cReceiveBuff[0]!='2' || m_cReceiveBuff[1]!='5' || m_cReceiveBuff[2]!='0') 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"AUTH LOGIN\r\n"); 
 send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0);//请求登录 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 if(m_cReceiveBuff[0]!='3' || m_cReceiveBuff[1]!='3' || m_cReceiveBuff[2]!='4') 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 Char2Base64(m_cSendBuff,m_sMailInfo.m_pcUserName,strlen(m_sMailInfo.m_pcUserName)); 
 m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)]='\r'; 
 m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)]='\n'; 
 send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0);//发送用户名 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 if(m_cReceiveBuff[0]!='3' || m_cReceiveBuff[1]!='3' || m_cReceiveBuff[2]!='4') 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 Char2Base64(m_cSendBuff,m_sMailInfo.m_pcUserPassWord,strlen(m_sMailInfo.m_pcUserPassWord)); 
 m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)]='\r'; 
 m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)]='\n'; 
 send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0);//发送用户密码 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 if(m_cReceiveBuff[0]!='2' || m_cReceiveBuff[1]!='3' || m_cReceiveBuff[2]!='5') 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 return true;//登录成功 
} 
 
 
bool CSendMail::SendHead(SOCKET &sock) 
{ 
 int rt; 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"MAIL FROM:<%s>\r\n",m_sMailInfo.m_pcSender); 
 rt=send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
  
 if(rt!=strlen(m_cSendBuff)) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"RCPT TO:<%s>\r\n",m_sMailInfo.m_pcReceiver); 
 rt=send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
 if(rt!=strlen(m_cSendBuff)) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 memcpy(m_cSendBuff,"DATA\r\n",strlen("DATA\r\n")); 
 rt=send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
 if(rt!=strlen(m_cSendBuff)) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 recv(sock,m_cReceiveBuff,1024,0); 
 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"From:\"%s\"<%s>\r\n",m_sMailInfo.m_pcSenderName,m_sMailInfo.m_pcSender); 
 sprintf_s(&m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)],150,"To:\"INVT.COM.CN\"<%s>\r\n",m_sMailInfo.m_pcReceiver); 
 sprintf_s(&m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)],150,"Subject:%s\r\nMime-Version: 1.0\r\nContent-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=\"INVT\"\r\n\r\n",m_sMailInfo.m_pcTitle); 
 rt=send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
 if(rt!=strlen(m_cSendBuff)) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 return true; 
} 
 
bool CSendMail::SendTextBody(SOCKET &sock) 
{ 
 int rt; 
 memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"--INVT\r\nContent-Type: text/plain;\r\n charset=\"gb2312\"\r\n\r\n%s\r\n\r\n",m_sMailInfo.m_pcBody); 
 rt=send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
 if(rt!=strlen(m_cSendBuff)) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 else 
 { 
  return true; 
 } 
} 
 
bool CSendMail::SendFileBody(SOCKET &sock) 
{ 
 int i; 
 char* filePath; 
 int rt; 
 int len; 
 int pt=0; 
 char fileName[128]; 
 for(i=0;i<m_pcFilePathList.GetCount();i++) 
 { 
  pt=0; 
  memset(fileName,0,128); 
  filePath=m_pcFilePathList.GetAt(m_pcFilePathList.FindIndex(i)); 
  len=GetFileData(filePath); 
  GetFileName(fileName,filePath); 
 
  sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"--INVT\r\nContent-Type: application/octet-stream;\r\n name=\"%s\"\r\nContent-Transfer-Encoding: base64\r\nContent-Disposition: attachment;\r\n filename=\"%s\"\r\n\r\n",fileName,fileName); 
  send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
  while (pt<len) 
  { 
   memset(m_cSendBuff,0,sizeof(m_cSendBuff)); 
   Char2Base64(m_cSendBuff,&m_pcFileBuff[pt],min(len-pt,3000)); 
   m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)]='\r'; 
   m_cSendBuff[strlen(m_cSendBuff)]='\n'; 
   rt=send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
   pt+=min(len-pt,3000); 
   if(rt!=strlen(m_cSendBuff)) 
   { 
    return false; 
   } 
  } 
  if(len!=0) 
  { 
   delete [] m_pcFileBuff; 
  } 
 } 
 
 return true; 
} 
 
bool CSendMail::SendEnd(SOCKET &sock) 
{ 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"--INVT--\r\n.\r\n"); 
 send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
 
 sprintf_s(m_cSendBuff,"QUIT\r\n"); 
 send(sock,m_cSendBuff,strlen(m_cSendBuff),0); 
 closesocket(sock); 
 WSACleanup(); 
 return true; 
} 
 
 
bool CSendMail::SendMail(sMailInfo &smailInfo) 
{ 
 memcpy(&m_sMailInfo,&smailInfo,sizeof(smailInfo)); 
 if(m_sMailInfo.m_pcBody==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcIPAddr==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcIPName==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcReceiver==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcSender==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcSenderName==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcTitle==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcUserName==NULL 
  || m_sMailInfo.m_pcUserPassWord==NULL) 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 SOCKET sock; 
 if(!CReateSocket(sock))//建立连接 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 if(!Logon(sock))//登录邮箱 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 if(!SendHead(sock))//发送邮件头 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 if(!SendTextBody(sock))//发送邮件文本部分 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 if(!SendFileBody(sock))//发送附件 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 if(!SendEnd(sock))//结束邮件,并关闭sock 
 { 
  return false; 
 } 
 
 return true; 
} 

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持鸿网互联。

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