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CentOS6.3安装VBoxAdditions

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2015-01-10 20:16
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CentOS6.3是安装在VirtualBox虚拟机上,安装好以后最好再将VBoxAdditions增强功能装上,
主要目的是能够在虚拟机和宿主机之间能够共享文件。

1. 更新内核。CentOS 6.3对应的kernel默认为2.6.32-279.el6.i686:

# uname -r
2.6.32-279.el6.i686
安装增强功能需要kernel-devel包,必须保证kernel-devel和kernel版本的一致。查看软件源中
kernel-devel的版本:

]# yum info kernel-devel
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirrors.163.com
* extras: mirrors.163.com
* updates: mirrors.163.com
Available Packages
Name : kernel-devel
Arch : i686
Version : 2.6.32
Release : 279.19.1.el6
Size : 7.6 M
Repo : updates
Summary : Development package for building kernel modules to match the
: kernel
URL :
License : GPLv2
Description : This package provides kernel headers and makefiles sufficient to
: build modules against the kernel package.

当前的kernel-devel版本是2.6.32-279.19.1.e16。因此,必须升级kernel:

# yum update kernel
升级完后必须重启系统,新的kernel才能被使用。

2. 安装kernel-devel和gcc。

# yum install kernel-devel gcc gcc-c++

3. 安装增强功能。进入增强功能光盘根目录,执行Linux下的安装命令:

# ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run
Verifying archive integrity... All good.
Uncompressing VirtualBox 4.2.4 Guest Additions for Linux..........
VirtualBox Guest Additions installer
Removing installed version 4.2.4 of VirtualBox Guest Additions...
Removing existing VirtualBox non-DKMS kernel modules[确定]
Building the VirtualBox Guest Additions kernel modules
Building the main Guest Additions module[确定]
Building the shared folder support module[确定]
Building the OpenGL support module[确定]
Doing non-kernel setup of the Guest Additions[确定]
Starting the VirtualBox Guest Additions [确定]
Installing the Window System drivers
Installing X.Org Server 1.10 modules[确定]
Setting up the Window System to use the Guest Additions[确定]
You may need to restart the hal service and the Window System (or just restart
the guest system) to enable the Guest Additions.

Installing graphics libraries and desktop services components[确定]

安装增强功能需要kernel-devel包,必须保证kernel-devel和kernel版本的一致。查看软件源中kernel-devel的版本:

]# yum info kernel-devel
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* epel: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
* rpmforge: mirror.oscc.org.my
Available Packages
Name : kernel-devel
Arch : x86_64
Version : 2.6.32
Release : 279.5.2.el6
Size : 7.6 M
Repo : updates
Summary : Development package for building kernel modules to match the
: kernel
URL :
License : GPLv2
Description : This package provides kernel headers and makefiles sufficient to
: build modules against the kernel package.

当前的kernel-devel版本是2.6.32-279.5.2.e16。因此,必须升级kernel:

# yum update kernel
升级完后必须重启系统,,新的kernel才能被使用。

2. 安装kernel-devel和gcc。

# yum install kernel-devel gcc gcc-c++

3. 安装增强功能。进入增强功能光盘根目录,执行Linux下的安装命令:

# ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run
Verifying archive integrity... All good.
Uncompressing VirtualBox 4.1.18 Guest Additions for Linux.........
VirtualBox Guest Additions installer
Removing existing VirtualBox DKMS kernel modules [ OK ]
Removing existing VirtualBox non-DKMS kernel modules [ OK ]
Building the VirtualBox Guest Additions kernel modules
Building the main Guest Additions module [ OK ]
Building the shared folder support module [ OK ]
Building the OpenGL support module [FAILED]
(Look at /var/log/vboxadd-install.log to find out what went wrong)
Doing non-kernel setup of the Guest Additions [ OK ]
Installing the Window System drivers
Installing X.Org Server 1.10 modules [ OK ]
Setting up the Window System to use the Guest Additions [ OK ]
You may need to restart the hal service and the Window System (or just restart
the guest system) to enable the Guest Additions.

Installing graphics libraries and desktop services componen[ OK ]

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